Transformation: Enlargement And Reduction

Enlargement And Reduction


Enlargement (or reduction) is a transformation in which the size of an object is changed without changing its original shape. If the size of the object increase, we call it an enlargement and if the size of an object decrease, we call it a reduction.

The enlargement is made with the help of a fixed point called centre of enlargement and by the fixed ratio called scale factor i.e. the ratio of the corresponding sides of the image and object. 


As enlargement changes the size of the object, it will have no real sense in case of a point.

Transformation: Translation

Transformation: Translation


The Translation is a transformation in which each point of the given object is displaced through definite distance and direction. The displacement is defined by a translation vector (a, b).


Translation: Examples


The following are the properties of translation:


1.   The object and the image under the translation are congruent.

2.   The lines joining any point of the object with its corresponding image are parallel and equal.

Transformation: Rotation

Transformation: Rotation


Rotation is a transformation in which each point on the object is rotated through an angle about a fixed point. The fixed point is called the centre of rotation and the angle is called the angle of rotation.

There are two types of rotations on the basis of directions:


1. Anticlockwise or Positive (+) rotation

2. Clockwise or Negative (–) rotation

Transformation: Reflection

Transformation: Reflection


Reflection is a transformation that has a mirror image about a line as a two-way mirror. A line that plays the role of a two-way mirror to give the image of the given objects is called the axis of reflection.


Reflection : Examples


The following are the properties of reflection:


a.   The object and the image under the reflection are congruent.

b.   The object and the image will be at equal distances from the axis of reflection.

c.   The line joining the object and its image will be perpendicular to the axis of reflection.

Transformation: An Introduction

Transformation: An Introduction


Transformation in sense of mathematics is the change of position, shape, or size of a geometric figure. A figure before the transformation is called an object and after transformation is called the image of the original object.

Figure of Reflection, Rotation, Translation, Enlargement and Reduction

In transformation, every point A of an object maps with a unique and distinct point A’ of the image, so it is a one-to-one function. 

If T is a transformation and A’ is the image point of A under T, then we denote it by T(A) = A’ or by T: A A’ or simply by A A’. 


If another transformation brings the image A’ back to the object (pre-image) point A, then such a transformation is called the inverse of the transformation T and it is denoted by T-1.


Transformation sometimes leaves certain points unchanged. These points are said to be invariant under the given transformation. Any other features which are left unaltered by the transformation such as distance, angle, parallelism, etc. are also described as invariant.



Types of Transformation


If a transformation maps a point A to A itself, then it is called an Identity Transformation and it is denoted by I. So, I(A) = A. Identity transformation leaves all points unchanged.


If a transformation does not change the figure after transformation, then it called an Isometric Transformation. Isometric transformation maps a figure to a congruent image. It means object figure and image figure are congruent under the isometric transformation.


If a transformation changes the figure after transformation, then it is called a Non-Isometric Transformation. Non-isometric transformation maps a figure to a similar image. It means object figure and image figure are similar under non-isometric transformation.

There are four fundamental transformations:


A.   Reflection

B.   Rotation

C.   Translation

D.  Enlargement (or Reduction)


Reflection, Rotation, and Translation are isometric transformations and Enlargement (or Reduction) is a non-isometric transformation.


There are four fundamental transformations:   A. Reflection   B. Rotaion   C. Translation   D. Enlagement (or Reduction)   Reflection, Rotation and Translation are isometric transformations and Enlargement (or Reduction) is an non isometric transformation.


Study the following figures for the general concepts of Reflection, Rotation,  Translation, Enlargement, and Reduction. 

Reflection
Reflection

Rotation
Rotation

Enlargement
Enlargement

Reduction
Reduction


Visit the following pages for specific study on particular topics of transformation and related worked out examples:


- Reflection

- Rotation

- Translation

- Enlargement(or Reduction)



Do You Have Any Question?

If you have any queries regarding the topics, You can ask here in the comment section below.

Vector Geometry

Vector Geometry

Vector Geometry: We can study different properties and relations relating to geometry with the help of vectors. Such a study is known as the Vector Geometry.

Here are 12 geometrical theorems and their proofs by vector method.

Product of Vectors

Product of Vectors

Product of Vectors: Product of vectors or multiplication of vectors can be performed in the following two ways:

-    Scalar Product or Dot Product

-    Vector Product or Cross Product

Vector Operations

Vector Operations

Vector Operations: The vectors can be added, subtracted or multiplied with one another. Addition of vectors, difference of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, product of vectors, etc. are called vector operations.

Types of Vectors

Types of Vectors

Types of Vectors: After we have learned ‘Vectors and its Components’ and ‘Magnitude and Direction of a Vector’, we’ll learn the Types of Vectors here. Vectors are of different types according to their magnitude, direction, position with respect to another given vector, and by the method of representing vectors.

Following are the different types of vectors: